Modifiers C# Help

You have already encountered quite a number of so-called modifiers – keywords that can be applied to a type or to a member. Modifiers can indicate the visibility of a method, such as public or private, or the nature of an item, such as whether a method is virtual or abstract. C# has a number of modifiers, a.nd at this poin.t it’s worth taking a minute to provide the complete list.

Visibility Modifiers

Visibility modifiers indicate which other code items can view an item.

Note that type definitions can be internal or public, depending on whether you want the type to be visible outside-its containing assembly.

Youcannot define types as protected, private, or protected internal because these visibility levels would be meaningless for a type contained in a namespace. Hence these visibilities can be applied only to members. However, you can define nested types (that is, types contained within other types) with these visibilities • because in this case the type also has the status of a member. Hence, the following code is correct:

If you have a nested type, the inner type is always able to see all members of the outer type. Therefore, with the preceding code, any code inside InnerClass always has access to all members of OuterClass, even where those members are private.

Other Modifiers

The modifiers in the following table can be applied to members of types and have various uses. A few of these modifiers also make sense when applied to types.

Of these, internal and protected internal are the ones that are new to C# and the .NET Framework. internal acts in much the same way as public, but access is confined to other code in the same assembly – that is, code that is being compiled at the same time in the same program. You can use internal to ensure that all the other classes that you are writing have access to a particular member, while at the same time hiding it from other code written by other organizations. protected internal combines protected and . internal, but in an OR sense, not an AND sense. A protected internal member can be seen by any code in the same assembly. It can also be seen by any derived classes, even those in other assemblies.

Posted on October 28, 2015 in Inheritance

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